Tujia is a long history of the nation, who lived in Pi Lianxiang, Hubei, Chongqing and Guizhou in the Wuling Mountain area. According to the sixth national census in 2015 showed that the number of Tujia population is about 8353912 people, 55 ethnic minorities in the Chinese ranked seventh, second only to the Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Uygur, Miao, yi.
Tujia people call themselves “Bifzivkar” (Chinese homonym “Bi Ke card”). “Tujia nationality” is the Han nationality’s name of “Bi Chi”. The North Branch (Hunan Tujia Autonomous Prefecture of Xiangxi Province, Zhangjiajie City, Hubei Prefecture of Enshi Province, Yichang City, Chongqing City, Guizhou Province, Southeast, northeast Guizhou) claiming to be “Bizika, Bi, and dense Kika kika”. The southern branch of the Tujia (several villages only distributed in Hunan Prefecture of Xiangxi Province, Luxi county) claiming to be “Muntz”, the South Branch of the Tujia language and Northern Tujia language can not talk, now only Luxi 900 people.
Tujia language is a Sino Tibetan Tibeto Burman, Tujia language, some people think that in Burma Yi branch, is a very ancient unique language in Tibeto Burman languages. The vast majority of people speak Chinese, and now there are only a few settlements that still hold Tujia language. Without the native language, the Latin script written in 1984 will be used and the Chinese language will be in common use. Worship ancestors, believe in many gods.
In October 1956, the National People’s Committee identified Tujia as a single nation through ethnic identification.