The production and development of Nanjing Brocade is closely related to the city history of Nanjing. The silk industry in Nanjing can be traced back to the period of Dongwu (222 AD – 280 AD).
Eastern Jin Dynasty (AD 317 – 420 years) the end of the year, the general Liu Yu Northern Expedition, off Qin, the Changan hundred workers all moved to the country are built Kang (now Nanjing), which accounted for a large proportion of brocade craftsmen. After the brocade brook in the brocade craftsmen inherited the Han Dynasty, Cao Wei, the Western Jin Dynasty and the six pre-national minority brocade skills.
Eastern Jin Yi Hee thirteen years (AD 417) The Eastern Jin Dynasty in Jiankang set up specialized management brocade official – Kam Department, is seen as the birth of Nanjing Yunjin logo.
The beginning of the Yuan Dynasty, brocade has been for the Royal clothing special supplies.
Ming dynasty brocade process mature and perfect, and the formation of Nanjing silk jacquard brocade local characteristics.
Qing Dynasty in Nanjing with “Jiangning Weaving Department”, “Dream of Red Mansions” Cao Xueqin’s grandfather Cao Yin, Jiang Ning had been woven for 20 years. This period of brocade variety, pattern solemn, colorful, on behalf of the history of Nanjing brocade weaving process of the highest achievements. Nanjing Yunjiang weaving heyday has more than 30,000 looms, nearly 30 million people and related industries for the living, was the largest handicraft industry in Nanjing.
After 1949, the government has invested tens of millions of dollars for the restoration and protection of brocade, Nanjing City, Yun Jin Institute has also successfully copied the scientific and technological achievements in the 1970s, Changsha, Hunan Mawangdui Han tombs unearthed “plain yarn”, Beijing Ling Dingling unearthed Ming Wanli emperor “woven gold peacock feathers flower yarn robes” and so on, but the brocade is still facing the successor of the situation, the country really understand the brocade technology, but 50 people.
Qing Dynasty makeup satin
In 1954, in order to rescue the endangered Nanjing Brocade, “Brocade Research Working Group” was established.
In 1957, the Jiangsu provincial government approved the establishment of “Nanjing Brocade Institute”, which is the only one in China set research, production, display, sales in one of the brocade professional institutions.
1979 to the development of 15 processing points, 97 looms, processing more than 300 people, but also the development of lost many years to restore the traditional varieties of makeup Luo Luo, makeup yarn, makeup silk and so on. From the 1970s to the beginning of the 21st century, Nanjing brocade researchers worked hard to restore the endangered Nanjing brocade weaving process, and collected and compiled the brocade and drawing, training artists, restored the lost varieties “double “Songs”, the “Song of the Peach”, the Ming Dynasty “makeup flower robe” and other precious cultural relics, and collection of collections More than 900 pieces of brocade material for the Nanjing Brocade research and development laid a good foundation.
In 2001, Nanjing Yunjin officially declared human oral and intangible heritage, ranking behind the guqin.
In 2004, with the support of the Nanjing municipal government, the establishment of the “Nanjing brocade museum”. From 2003 to 2005, Nanjing Brocade Institute produced “auspicious” brand Nanjing brocade were awarded the title of brand-name products in Nanjing and Jiangsu Province.
October 2005, Nanjing Brocade “auspicious” brand trademark was rated as well-known trademarks in Nanjing.
December 2005 Nanjing brocade research institute “auspicious” brand Nanjing brocade was Quality Supervision Bureau as the first to the international geographical indication (GI) organization recommended 30 geographical indications products, become China’s first recognized by the international authority of the organization International Geographical Indications. Nanjing Institute of brocade all retains the history of the flower technology, has successfully copied the Ming Ding Ling unearthed Wanli emperor over shoulder dragon makeup yarn woven into a robe. Since 1979, the copy of the robe and the show has reached more than 100 pieces.
In January 2006, the Brocade Institute was again commissioned by the Beijing Dingling Museum to copy a Ming Wanli Emperor’s robes.
May 20, 2006, Nanjing Yunmao wood machine hand-crafted by the State Council approved the inclusion of the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage list. National non – material cultural heritage project Nanjing Yun – wood woodworking hand – woven hand – woven technology representative of the successor of Nanjing Yunjin Institute of Zhu Feng, Zhou Shuangxi, and Jiangsu Han Tang brocade technology Jinwen. Provincial heritage of the master from the cloud of the old artist Zhu Feng Wu.
In 2009, according to the “Regulations on the Protection of Geographical Indication Products” Nanjing Brocade Research Institute was approved by the State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine for the first batch of geographical indication enterprises, “Nanjing Brocade” to obtain the protection of geographical indications products.
In 2013, Nanjing only won the brocade of geographical indications protection of the brocade research institute “auspicious brand” brocade enabled special signs.
2013 “geographical indications products brocade” national standards held reanaliation demonstration, Nanjing Brocade Research Institute Co., Ltd. and other four standard drafting units to attend the “geographical indications products brocade” national standard implementation of the five years to sum up and evaluate the situation.
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